Ash was a harsh critic of Sherifs experimental design and claimed that it showed little about conformity since there was no right answer to conform to.
He would have heard most of the others give their judgements about which comparison line matches the target line before he spoke. They demanded ever greater obedience from the prisoners. Only male participants took part and worse still, only male students.
This is good because it improves the reliability of the study and also helps establish a causal relationship. In addition Zimbardo did conduct debriefing sessions for several years afterwards and concluded they were no lasting negative effects. This possibility was investigated by Nemeth.
The previous experiment had a person the experimenter who was easily seen as a authority figure. A good example is Zimbardo's prison study.
Many studies of conformity took place in the "s which led Kelman to distinguish between compliance, internalisation and identification. Here thought both sets of students started out equally but once some became guards and others became prisoners.
Subjects were asked to judge whether different shades of blue-green cards were blue or green.
For example, juveniles accused of federal crimes are no longer housed before trial with adult prisoners due to the risk of violence against them. This shows when there is less personal responsibility obedience increases.
Every person at some time in their life has followed a superior without questioning why they are doing what they are doing. When we are uncertain, it seems we look to others for confirmation. These subjects were asked to match the length of a standard line to three comparison lines. Evaluate research on conformity to group norms.
He was told to shock the "student" everytime he missed a word. An example of this is if someone was to go to a posh restaurant for the first time, they may be confronted with several forks and not know which one to use, so they might look to a near by person to see what fork to use first.
Once this happens, the minority opinion has become the dominant position in society, and people do often not even remember where the opinion originated from. This hesitation could also put the lives of the group and other in jeopardy.
Also, the prisoners did not consent to being 'arrested' at home.Evaluate research on conformity to group norms. (22) Evaluate (22) – An appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations. Explanations for conformity: informational social influence and normative social influence, Normative Social Influence (NSI) for example Western Societies were the need to be independent and self sufficient is taught as the ideal.
Many of these will be critically important to state governments and create a host of state tax issues. The chart below summarizes some of the Need to monitor state legislative response to Evaluate state conformity to amended section Amended section would apply to.
-Under groupthink, members lose the ability to critically evaluate alternative points of view. -Groupthink is most likely to occur when a weak leader is surrounded by people of powerful status.
-Under groupthink, groups increase the list of possible solutions and spend maximum time on. Q. Critically evaluate the need for conformity in organizations. Groups and organizations, one is a part of are very important for the social and psychological development of an individual.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW Types of conformity: internalisation, identification and compliance. Explanations for conformity: informational social influence and normative social influence.
Variables affecting conformity including group size, unanimity and task difficulty as investigated by Asch. interpret and evaluate scientific information.Download