Companies facing a dynamic and uncertain environment may have to develop or maintain an organic organizational structure, whereas companies operating in a stable environment may benefit from developing or maintaining a mechanistic organizational structure.
Difficult for coordination In this structure, specific work is assigned to individuals on the basis of their skills. Flat Structure Mechanistic structures require oversight, which means a layered management hierarchy. Growing companies need its control to properly steer their organizations.
Little Standardization and formalization When tasks change rapidly, it is unfeasible to institute standardization and formalized procedures. Advantages The organic structure suits companies operating in fast-moving, unpredictable environments.
The divisional structure creates autonomous divisions along consumer, product or geographical lines, and then further subdivides by function. A set of formal procedures, functions and processes are implemented throughout the organization under a mechanistic organizational structure.
Organic Structure This organizational structure works best when the environment is relatively dynamic and uncertain. These characteristics do indeed produce efficiency and productivity.
The team structure uses representatives from different processes or functions to create employee teams. With the bureaucracy holding authority, employees may feel helpless, passive and even indifferent to company goals. In volatile situations, though, this inability to quickly change directions can present real problems.
Individual specialization is prominent among employees at every level within this structure. Written communication tends to dominate within this type of structure. Control With so much management, bureaucratic structures have strong boundaries. The centralized authority of the organization allows for efficient decision-making and the ability for the company to have its top experts making most critical decisions.
The team structure uses representatives from different processes or functions to create employee teams. Low Morale The more specialized a job, the more repetitive it is likely to be.
The bureaucratic and predictable nature of the mechanistic organization limits its ability to respond to external forces and to innovate. An organizational chart in the mechanistic organizational structure would typically include the Chief Executive Officer, executives, supervisors, managers and support personnel.
The layers give bureaucracies a vertical thrust when laid out in an organizational chart. Empowering employees by increasing their independence and responsibility fosters creativity and innovation. Commitment and morale are high when compared to mechanistic structures. This article deals with describing the differences between mechanistic and organic organizational structures.Mechanistic Organization Structures The mechanistic view of an organization began with the industrial revolution.
The view is a reflection of society's radical change from a rural agricultural base to one more impersonally based on centralized urban industry employing great numbers of people.
The mechanistic organization evolved from this, featuring job specialization, a bureaucratic management hierarchy, centralized power resting at the top of the organization and many rules.
Mechanistic structures require oversight, which means a layered management hierarchy. The Structure of a Boundaryless Organization; Advantages & Disadvantages of Divisional Organizational. Learn About Mechanistic vs. Organic Organizational Structure (Contingency Theory) - Online MBA, Online MBA Courses, T.
Burns, G.M. Stalker, Mechanistic, Organic. One of the advantages of organic structure is free flow of information within organization.
There is the system of two way communication. Top level management provides information of instruction and guidance to subordinates and similarly, subordinates provide information to the manager about achievement and problems in work.
Understand the advantages and disadvantages of mechanistic and organic structures for organizations. Organizational structure refers to how individual and team work within an organization are coordinated.Download